When an individual is deprived of his or her legal rights over a piece of real property, this is called expropriation. Governments usually take private properties for various reasons, usually to serve the interest of the public by building access roads where the property lies. The term expropriation is also known as eminent domain or compulsory purchase. All terms pertain to the deprivation of a private party’s rights to property, usually real estate. As a general rule, countries or jurisdictions can only acquire properties that lie within their specified area.
People whose properties have been acquired by the government are not necessarily compensated for their loss. However, when compensation is provided for, the government determines a reasonable price for the property, which the owner may refuse if it is considered to be unfair. If a just and fair compensation is not given, the owners may challenge the offer with one that he or she deems to be reasonable. It is the decision of the court of law to determine what value is more reasonable in the event previously mentioned. Some countries allow for owners to request additional payment in the event that the compensation offered by the government is not fair or reasonable.
There are many reasons as to why a government would expropriate land. Some of these reasons include restricted access to property that may be hazardous to the public or to allow another party to make use of it for the public’s interest. It is also possible for governments to expropriate contracts or agreements if it finds it necessary in the interest of the public.